This is a guide to reference material on folk and non-Western musical traditions in the Music Library of the University of the Arts. If you have questions about this guide or about library materials on world musics contact Mark Germer, UArts Music Librarian.



Brundvand, Jan Harold. American Folklore: An Encyclopedia. New York: Garland, 1996.
Not only includes general articles on ethnic cultures but also contains significant entries on musical subjects ("Ballad", "Bluegrass", "Shape-Note Singing", "Klezmer", "Rap", "Zydeco"). American folklorists have traditionally emphasized musical expression as an object of study. This is a meticulously edited volume.
REF GR101 .A54 1996

Kaufmann, Walter. Selected Musical Terms of Non-Western Cultures: A Notebook-Glossary. . Warren, Mich.: Harmonie Park Press, 1990.
Originally conceived as a personal reference notebook, and so is inevitable idiosyncratic in coverage; but there is nothing comparable for short clarifications. Especially good for the high cultures of Asia, Oceania, and Africa.
REF ML108 .K37 1990

Lawless, Ray. Folksingers and Folksongs in America New York: Duell, Sloan and Pearce, 1960.
The largest sections are devoted to biographical entries for noted American folksingers and printed songbook collections. There are also essays on folk instruments and genres of North-American folk song.
REF ML3550 .L418F6

Enciclopedia da Musica Brasileira: Popular, Erudita, e Folclorica. 3rd ed. Ed. Marcos Antonio Marcondes. Sao Paulo: Art Editoria, 2000.
Weighted toward the biographical, though in fact an encyclopedia in that musical and dance folk terminology is included. The best resource on the myriad musics of Brazil.
REF ML106 .B73E5 2000

Mulvaney, Rebekah. Rastafari and Reggae: A dictionary and Sourcebook. New York: Greenwood Press, 1990.
First comprehensive documentation of the relationships between Rastafari and reggae, from the larger perspective of African Jamaicans within the Africa diaspora. The dictionary portion is followed by annotated bibliographic and discographic references.
REF ML102 R4M8 1990

Myers, Helen, ed. Ethnomusicology: An Introduction [v.1] and Ethnomusicology: Historical and Regional Studies [v.2] New York: W.W. Norton, 1992-93.
A comprehensive history and documentation of the fields of world music study from its nineteenth-century origins to ca. 1990. Each section contains extensive bibliographies of print and sound resources, thus updating Kunst (see below). Vol.2 is now the best single-volume guide to our current knowledge of music of the world's peoples.
REF ML3798 .E74 1992

Porter, James and Timothy Rice, eds. The Garland Encyclopedia of World Music. New York: Garland, 1998-2001; Routledge, 2002. 10 vols.
A comprehensive enterprise representing the work of hundreds of cooperating specialists. The initial volume, on Sub-Saharan Africa, for instance, emphasizes contemporary issues: epic song traditions, archaeological evidence, instrument making, the impact of radio and other media. The 4th volume, covering Southeast Asia, encompasses the islands as well as the mainland, majority as well as indigenous minority peoples. The final volume can stand as a synthetic survey of the methodologies and disciplines of ethnomusicology. Volumes 1-9 are each accompanied by a compact disc with recorded music examples.
REF ML100 .G37 1998


Banerji, Sures Chandra. A Companion to Indian Music and Dance. Delhi: Indian Books Centre, 1990.
A brief survey of important works on Indian performing arts, especially as music is accounted for in the Sanskrit monuments of Hindu literature. Some chapters function as dictionaries or chronologies; entries for literary works are annotated.
REF ML120 .I53B3 1990

Bor, Joep, ed. The Raga Guide.Monmouth, U.K.: Nimbus Records, 1999.
Detailed reference resource on 74 Hindustani ragas, their musical and extramusical attributes, and their illustrative paintings (ragamala). Includes recorded examples on 4 accompanying compact discs.
REF ML128 .R25B6 1999

Gray, John. African Music: A Bibliographic Guide to the Traditional, Popular, Art, and Liturgical Musics of Sub-Saharan Africa. New York: Greenwood Press, 1991.
Emphasizes regional studies of both traditional and popular musics of Western, Central, and Southern Africa. The nearly 5,000 citations are not annotated, but include essays in collections, journal articles, theses, and media materials.
REF ML120 A35G7 1991

Hart, Mary, et al. The Blues: A Bibliographic Guide. New York: Garland, 1989.
Wide-ranging, as the subject requires. Entries range from the literary to the journalistic, and video footage is appropriately represented; but there are no annotations.
REF ML128 .B49H3 1989

Keeling, Richard. North American Indian Music: A Guide to Published Sources and Selected Recordings. New York: Garland, 1997.
Generously annotated bibliography of nearly 1,500 sources on Native American musics. Entries are grouped by geographical area ("Arctic and Sub-Arctic", "Plains") and range chronologically from the earliest written accounts in 1535 to 1995. The first comprehensive work of its kind.
REF ML128 .I5K4 1997

Kunst, Jaap. Ethnomusicology: A Study of its Nature, Problems, Methods, and Representative Personalities. 3rd ed. with supplement. The Hague: Nijhoff, 1959-60.
Beginning with a now classic summary of the study of music as an aspect of human behavior by a founder of modern ethnomusicology (the coiner of the word, in fact), this is largely a list of early publications in European languages, which is then indexed by subject. A cornerstone of serious music study.
REF ML128 .E74K8 1959

McLean, Mervyn. An Annotated Bibliography of Oceanic Music and Dance. Warren, Mich.: Harmonie Park Press, 1995.
Historic and modern literature covering musics of the Pacific Islands, including New Guinea, but exclusive of the Indonesian and Malaysian archipelagos. Nearly 3700 entries, some briefly annotated.
REF ML120 .I84M3 1995

Miller, Terry. Folk Music in America: A Reference Guide. New York: Garland, 1986.
Annotated entries on a wide range of topics from ballads to bluegrass; more generous coverage of Anglo-, Native-, and Afro-American than of other ethnic traditions.
REF ML128 .F74M5 1986

Porter, James. The Traditional Music of Britain and Ireland. New York: Garland, 1989.
Bibliography, with expert annotations, of printed music collections and secondary literature going back more than a century. Separate divisions for England, Ireland, Scotland, and Wales.
REF ML128 .F74P6 1989

Post, Jennifer. Ethnomusicology: A guide to Research. New York: Rontledge, 2004.
An attempt at a comprehensive survey, in all relevant formats, issued from 1990 to 2002, though including serial publications with earlier start dates. Descriptions extend from the perfunctory to the generous. Incorporation of sound and video recordings is a strength.
REF ML128 .E84P6 2004

Schuursma, Ann Briegleb. Ethnomusicology Research: A Reference Guide. New York: Garland, 1992.
A thoughtful, highly selective bibliography designed as an introduction and arranged according to the principal areas of world musics research. The annotations situate the relevant subjects not only within the field but also relate them to themes in anthropology and humanistic studies. Concise and approachable.
REF ML128 .E74S4 1992

Southern, Eileen and Josephine Wright. African-American Traditions in Song, Sermon, Tale, and Dance. New York: Garland, 1990.
An annotated guide to collections of primary documents as well as to the published literature on Afro-American oral traditions.
REF ML128 .B45S6 1990


Ling, Jan. A History of European Folk Music. Rochester, N.Y.: Rochester University Press, 1997.
Arranged thematically by social function. An outline and typology of the forms of orally transmitted musical traditions--from signal calls to seasonal rituals--in early modern to 20th-century Europe.
REF ML3580 .L55 1997

Lovell, John. Black Song: The Forge and the Flame. New York: Macmillan, 1972.
Drawing on sources in the fields of sociology, folk narrative, and theology as well as music and dance, this is an unprecedented exploration of a folk tradition of enormous influence.
REF ML3556 .L68B5 1972


Brincard, Marie-Therese, ed.. Sounding Forms: African Musical Instruments. New York: American Federation of Arts, 1989.
10 essays by music and art historians and photographs from an exhibition first installed at the National Museum of African Art in Washington, D.C.
REF ML462 .N5A47 1989

Diagram Group. Musical Instruments of the World.New York: Sterling, 1997.
Documents the search among cultures worldwide for objects that can be manipulated to make music; organized according to the Sachs-Hornbostel system. With several thousand detailed line drawings and diagrams.
REF ML102 .I59D4 1997

Kartomi, Margaret. On Concepts and Classifications of Musical Instruments. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1990.
Comparison of organological classification systems in various cultures, in part so as to understand the role of music-making in human life itself.
REF ML460 .K36 1990

Ortiz, Fernando. Los Instrumentos de la Musica Afrocubana. Madrid: Musica Mundana Maqueda, [1996]. 2 vols.
An internationally praised study, originally published in the 1950s, that documents the extraordinary influence of instruments of African origin in the Caribbean and throughout the Americas.
REF ML480 .O77I5 1996x

Rault, Lucie. Musical Instruments: Craftsmanship and Traditions from Prehistory to the Present. New York: Harry Abrams, 2000.
Highly selective cross-cultural survey, but valuable for its extensive visual documentation of both instruments and the ritual settings in which they are played.
REF ML460 .R385M8 2000

Sadie, Stanley, ed. The New Grove Dictionary of Musical Instruments. London: Macmillan, 1984. 3 vols.
The standard resource, without question the most important of its kind. Includes entires for some 10,000 folk and non-Western instruments.
REF ML102 .I59N48 1984

A note on periodical indexes:

There is no current indexing agency that addresses world or ethnic musics periodicals exclusively, and many relevant writings appear in anthropology, folklore, and other publications. For music periodicals, there exist three publishers' cumulations:

--Répertoire Internationale de Littérature Musicale, or RILM.
Abstracts, indexes most formats (books, conference reports, theses, as well as periodicals), though emphasizes coverage of scholarly publications. Has the advantage of providing content abstracts in addition to citations. The print edition, available in Music Library, begins coverage with 1967. Consult quinquennial (5-year) index volumes when available.
REF ML1 .I83 (located on central REF shelves)

--The Music Index has expanded its coverage over the years to include most English and major foreign-language jazz periodicals; has included Down Beat and Metronome from its inception. For the print edition, published since 1949 and available in the Music Library, each volume must be consulted separately. All authors, subjects, and titles in a single alphabetical listing. Also indexes reviews.
REF ML118 .M987M8 (located on central REF shelves)

--International Index to Music Periodicals, or IIMP, is a recent undertaking that is published on CD-ROM and on the Web. For the present its usefulness lies in its being the most up-to-date index, but its coverage is gradually extending chronologically backwards and it promises full text access to articles in the future. The Music Library subscribes to the CD-ROM edition.

For a recommended view of the publishing situation in this field, read Kathleen Abromeit's review of Music Index and IIMP CD-ROMs in Notes 53 (1996-97): 1215-1220.

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