The following general works of music reference will serve in most instances as the best starting points for questions having to do with music terminology, theory, chronology, or bio-bibliography. Encompassing simple definitions as well as sweeping syntheses, they assist in the approach to large spans of material. For more specific subject reference sources consult the annotated guides listed below.

Baker's Biographical Dictionary of Musicians. 9th ed. Edited by Laura Kuhn [et al.]. New York: Schirmer, 2001. 6 vols.
REF ML105 .B168B4 2001

The Encyclopedia of Popular Music. 3rd ed. Edited by Colin Larkin. New York: MUZE, 1998. 8 vols.
REF ML102 .P831E6 1998

The Garland Encyclopedia of World Music. Edited by James Porter and Timothy Rice. New York: Garland, 1998-2001; Routledge, 2002. 10 vols.
REF ML100 .G37 1998

The New Grove Dictionary of Music and Musicians. 2nd ed. Edited by Stanley Sadie and John Tyrrell. London: Macmillan, 2001. 29 vols.
REF ML100 .N48 2001

The New Harvard Dictionary of Music. Edited by Don Michael Randel. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1986.
REF ML100 .R3N4 1986

Reference resources on the Web are too vast--and unstable--to summarize in any meaningful way, and visions of fully monitored, deep-search aggregating metasites are still in the developmental stages. But for basic questions the following (nonsubscription) music reference tools may be of service:

Worldwide Internet Music Resources (Indiana University Cook Music Library)

MusicWeb Encyclopaedia of Popular Music

The Instrument Encyclopedia

For questions or to find additional relevant music materials contact the UArts Music Librarian.

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